As we all know bacteria are the tiny micro-organisms that are not visible to the naked eyes. These are present in varied forms and are found in the environment in unlimited population. These microbes exist not only in the environment but inside our bodies also. For example, E.coli is a bacteria present in our intestine which helps in digestion. The microbes inside our body systems are helpful though, but their imbalance can cause infections in our body.
There are many diseases which are caused by these bacterial infections viz. tuberculosis, pneumonia, typhoid, leprosy, vaginitis etc. Such disease causing bacteria are termed as pathogens. Some minor infections are also caused by these microbes which if not treated properly can lead to serious problems. If these infections are detected in the first stages, many severe diseases can be prevented.
But how can we know whether our body has been affected by bacteria or not? Actually, when a bacterium tries to infect our body, our immune system resists it. Immune system is nothing but a protection shield of our body that fights with these bacteria and during this fight our body gives strong reactions resulting in sneezing, coughing etc.
Such symptoms can be detected as signs of a bacterial infection and we can go for treatment of disease we are affected from. Let’s check the signs and symptoms of such bacterial infections commonly found in our surroundings:
Common Symptoms of Bacterial Infection
Sneezing, nausea, fever, cough etc. are very common symptoms of bacterial infection. That’s why people take these very lightly but it should not be dealt with this way. These common infections are often the initial stages for major problems. These should be immediately cured. A high temperature body in high fever is the result of these minor infections only. Severe cases may lead to weakness and restlessness in the body.
Other than fever, stomach infections are also very common. Food- borne bacteria are the main causes for these problems. These stomach infections lead to digestion problem and one may face loose motion problems. There may be problems like diarrhea, blood in stools, color of stools getting changed etc. Moreover, stomach ulcer is also caused by bacterial infections.
Similarly, food poisoning is very common among the people who might have eaten something unhealthy which give the bacteria a chance of affecting their stomach.
Infections in Body Parts
Headaches though are linked with tension and stress, can be the result of bacterial infections. In severe cases, it affects your eyes also. Swelling of body parts is another symptom of these infections. Actually lymph nodes swell because of infections that affect your back, neck, under arms etc. Some side effects of medicines can emerge because of these infections that may lead to emergency conditions.
Fatigue, in some cases, may be the consequence of infections caused by bacteria. Night sweat, loss of weight and appetite can also be experienced by persons infected by bacteria. Vomiting, muscle and joint pains may be the symptoms in some cases. One may have problems of colored nasal discharge. Stiffness in body parts like neck, back etc. can also be seen.
Signs in Hidden Parts
Hidden parts of our bodies are affected by bacterial infections which is more common in women. In these infections; there’s inflammation in and around vagina, abnormality in urine discharge, burning and itching during the discharge, unpleasant smell of urine etc are the main symptoms. Such infections may result from unhealthy sexual intercourse with your partner who is affected from this problem.
You might have faced skin rashes, irritation and itching problems on your skin. These are mostly caused by bacterial infections. It is painful and hurting when you find redness on your skin.
You feel like scratching and rubbing that part of your skin, which may result in burning sensation. The skin often gets rough and sometimes results in small pimples over the infected area. So, rather than rubbing that portion, you should immediately apply medicine or ointment.
Bacterial infections can be treated by antibiotics like penicillin, deoxycycline, tetracycline, erythromycin etc under doctor’s supervision. But as is said prevention is better than cure, one should take proper measures and keep ourselves protected. Maintaining the daily balanced diet, taking care of hygienic conditions in the surrounding, prevention from dust etc can help our body from getting affected by the bacteria.