Not all ovarian cysts are harmful and cancerous in women. Women still having their menstrual cycles are likely to deal with cysts spontaneously but postmenopausal women may be at high risk for cancer. In any case, you should always consult your doctor should there be an ovarian cyst as some of the cysts can adversely affect your fertility.
Get an insight into ovarian cysts and their relationship with fertility. When you are better aware of your body, you can better combat an unusual change.
Ovarian Cysts Can Affect Fertility And Conception
Relationship Between Ovarian Cysts And Fertility
An ovarian cyst is a sac formed inside or on the ovary. An ovarian cyst can develop as a normal part of your menstrual days and remain harmless. Complications may develop owing to the condition(s) causing the cyst(s). Cysts which bleed, twist, break open or show changes can be harmful. Severe pain, loss in weight and feeling of fullness (without eating much) can also be warning signals of potential complications.
Type Of Ovarian Cyst Affecting Fertility
Fertility is related to the type of cyst. Primarily, there are two types of cysts – functional ovarian cyst and pathological ovarian cyst.
Being the most common type of cyst, the functional ovarian cyst is temporary and harmless. The other type, pathological ovarian cyst, is not so common and arises out of abnormal cell growth. They may be cancerous.
Potential Fertility (related) Problems
When a cyst is caused by endometriosis, called Endometriomas, it may pose problem in child bearing. Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue, which normally lines the uterus (or endometrium), develops outside the uterus. Another potential problem which cysts can pose is through a disorder known as polycystic ovary syndrome (or PCOS).
In PCOS, many (10 or more) small cysts develop in the ovaries. An ovarian cyst itself may not affect your fertility. But certain types of surgical procedures involved in removal of cysts can affect fertility.
Reducing The Risk Associated With Ovarian Cysts
Women engaging in surgical procedures for removal of ovarian cysts are at risk for fertility (related) problems owing to procedural complications. You can ascertain the credibility of a surgical procedure after due consultation with a health expert. A keyhole surgical procedure (referred to as gynaecological laparoscopy) can be a solution to reduce the fertility (related) problems.
However, a malignant ovarian cyst can demand a full hysterectomy (wherein the womb is removed). This prevents the cancer’s spread but will render you infertile. Even if you have an ovary removed, you can still conceive with the other ovary. Generally, a gynaecologist tries to preserve the ovarian tissue to the maximum extent so that fertility remains unaffected (or least affected).
Treatments For Ovarian Cysts
For treating ovarian cysts, birth control pills may be used. Birth control pills work through preventing ovulation which restricts the formation of more cysts. They may also be used as a general preventive tool in women. Other treatment measures include surgery (laparoscopy and laparotomy), chemotherapy and radiation therapy. You should discuss the pros and cons of a treatment procedure when pregnancy is a consideration along with dealing with ovarian cyst.
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