We often get puzzled by seeing various skin care products in the market and are unable to decide which one will suit our skin type.
Though many of us wants to take proper care of our skin, most of us are unaware of the type of facial skin we possesses. Determining the facial skin type is the first step in taking up any skin care routine as selecting and using a wrong product can have harmful effects on the skin.
This article will give a brief idea on the types of facial skin and ways to determine them. Basically, there are five different types of facial skin is known such as dry skin, normal skin, combination skin, oily skin, and sensitive skin.
It has been noted that a person’s skin type may change during lifetime due to any reason like illness and change of location. Let’s have a quick look on the different types of facial skin as well as tips to identify them.
Best Facial Skin Care
Dry skin is mainly caused due to the absence of enough sebum that naturally moisturizes the skin. This condition occurs when the oil glands are inactive or underactive resulting in less or no production of sebum.
Some people have dry skin by birth while others may get it as result of harsh weather condition like sun, wind, and dry winter. Medical condition like diabetes and underactive thyroid also give rise to dry skin. While having a dull appearance, this skin type feels dry, itchy and sometimes sensitive.
The easiest way to find out dry skin is by washing the face with plain water in morning. If the skin is dry then soon after wiping with towel, skin feels tight, flaky and dry. Other simple ways to determine is carefully observing skin condition during winter when it becomes more dry and itchy.
Skin feels rough, dry and tight during afternoon even after applying cream or moisturizing lotion in the morning. Occurrence of red patches and eczema is a clear indication of dry skin. Dry skin is sensitive to skin care products like sunblocks and other cosmetics that causes redness.
Normal skin type is the best skin type as it is less problematic and requires very little attention or care. In this case, the oil gland produces sebum at a moderate level imparting a balanced amount of oil on the skin. Therefore, it exhibits smooth glow, radiant and healthy appearance even after minimum care.
As normal skin rarely cause any skin related problems, it is easy to identify this type of skin. After a morning wash, the skin feels smooth and supple. It also has same texture throughout the day unlike dry skin which becomes drier in the afternoon. Moreover, trying different skin care products is safe in this skin type as it hardly cause any reactions.
Combination skin is the most unmanageable skin type as it possesses two different skin conditions at the same time. It is basically characterized by an oily T-zone (combines forehead, nose, and chin) and a normal or dry skin around cheeks, eyes and mouth.
Several factors are responsible for the formation of combination skin such as releasing of certain hormone during menstruation or due to intake of oral contraceptives, stress, unhealthy diet and inadequate intake of water. Environmental humidity fluctuations and pollution also causes combination skin. This type of skin needs extra attention and care with different treatments on different zones.
Combination skin is identified through many tricks. After washing with water, some areas feel rough and stretched while the T-zone appears shinny and oily. T-zones are often prone to pimples and blackheads. Moreover, soon after 20 minutes of face cleaning, the T-zone appears shinny leaving the rest of the face flaky and dry or normal.
Oily skin is another problematic skin type that needs a routine care and attention. This skin type appears greasy and shiny with acne, pores and pimples over the skin surface. Oily skin is formed due to excessive secretion of sebum from the glands.
Due to extra oil on the skin, sometimes pus-filled lesions known as comedones are caused. Besides all these drawbacks, oily skin has a blessing in disguise as they are not prone to aging and wrinkles. They stay younger and supple even after age compared to other skin types.
Diagnosing oily skin is very easy as it appears greasy most of the time even after repeated wash. Other identification clues are appearance of oil on the tissues when face is wiped and more visibility of acne, pimples and blemishes.
Unlike all other skin types, sensitive skin is little different as it is explained as skin condition rather than a type and can be dry, normal, or oily. There may be various causes for sensitive skin such allergies, genetic factors, poor digestion and food assimilation, sluggish excretion, and thyroid problems.
Allergy is one of the common causes for sensitive skin. Sometimes certain food and drugs trigger skin outbreaks in some people. Therefore, one has to meticulously monitor the circumstances when the outbreak occurs. Genetic factors are related to sensitive skin, a person may carry a particular skin problem from the family.
If one is having a poor digestion, it will be reflected on the face as creation of gas, bloating and inflammation affects skin. Also, when toxins are not excreted properly through the excretion system of the body, they tend to erupt through the skin. Lastly, sensitive skin problems are closely related with the thyroid gland.
A person with overactive or under active thyroid is prone to have sensitive skin. As there many reasons that cause sensitive skin, judging this skin type may be difficult. Generally, this skin condition can be identified eyeing the occurrence of frequent unusual skin breakouts, sudden rashes, itchiness, and redness of the skin.
Sensitive skin generally reacts badly to environmental conditions, and also to beauty products containing alcohol, synthetically manufactured ingredients in oil, fragrance oils, and artificial colors. So a careful watch on the skin can only answer whether one has sensitive skin or not.