The medical term for prolonged menstrual bleeding is menorrhagia. A typical menstrual period lasts anywhere between four to seven days. If heavy menstrual bleeding continues beyond the stipulated seven days, it is categorized as menorrhagia. The problem of menorrhagia is commonly seen among pre- menopausal women. However, in recent years medical practitioners have witnessed a worrying trend where many young women have been diagnosed with this condition.
Causes of Prolonged Menstruation Bleeding
Polymenorrhea or menorrhagia is a serious menstrual disorder. There are numerous factors which can contribute to the menstrual problem called menorrhagia. Through this article we will examine a few of the causative factors behind prolonged menstruation bleeding or menorrhagia.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic Inflammatory disease is a grave medical condition which can influence a woman’s ability to reproduce. Typically pelvic inflammatory disease is initiated by sexually transmitted infections like chlamydia or gonorrhea.
Non cancerous growths like cysts, tumors or polyps in the reproductive organs including the uterus and / or the fallopian tube, can significantly increase the risk of pelvic inflammatory diseases and ultimately menorrhagia.
Von Willebrand Disease
A severe deficiency of the von willebrand factor can lead to a bleeding disorder called Von Willebrand Disease. The von willebrand factor is responsible for normal blood clotting. A deficiency of this important blood coagulating component can also lead to excessive menstrual bleeding.
Severe fluctuations in the levels of various hormones can trigger the menstrual disorder called menorrhagia. The hormones progesterone and estrogen control the monthly menstrual cycle.
When the levels of these vital hormones go out of sync, it can result in a condition called endometriosis – which is characterized by the thickening of the inner lining of the uterus.
Women who have endometriosis have a higher risk of suffering from prolonged menstrual bleeding or menorrhagia. Typically, menorrhagia brought about by severe hormonal imbalance is routinely observed among peri-menopausal women.
If you have suddenly embarked on a new type of birth control method or have switched from your regular birth control technique after a long time, you may notice atypical and / or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
Similarly, when you switch from your regular brand of birth control pills to new type of birth control pills it can lead to massive hormonal fluctuations. Fluctuations in hormone levels are primarily responsible for menorrhagia.
The risk of suffering from blood clots increases with age. To prevent the formation of blood clots, doctors may prescribe blood thinners. Taking blood thinners over a long period of time can affect the consistency of the blood and may lead to prolonged and heavy menstrual bleeding.
If you have noticed excessive and prolonged menstrual bleeding after taking a particular genre of blood thinner, have a frank discussion with your general physician and get his honest advice on the matter.
Cancer of the reproductive organs can also lead to prolonged menstrual cycle. But prolonged menstrual bleeding due to reproductive organ cancer is only noticed among a small percentage of women.
Thyroid dysfunction has been linked to prolonged menstruation bleeding. Rectifying underlying thyroid imbalance can cure the problem of prolonged menstruation bleeding.
Pregnancy Related Complications
Complication which arise during pregnancy can also lead to heavy and / or prolonged menstrual bleeding. Women who have had an ectopic pregnancy or those who have suffered a miscarriage are more likely to notice prolonged menstruation bleeding which continues for periods in excess of a week.
Photo credit: http://www.chihealth.in/articles/-Pelvic-Inflammatory-Disease/53