7 Important Symptoms Of Polycystic Ovary Disease

Polycystic Ovary Disease Also called Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), this condition affects a huge percentage of women at some stage or the other.

To simply explain, it is caused by imbalances in the hormonal levels. A female who is polycystic would have a large number of cysts or follicles especially in the lining of the ovaries, which are basically harmless.

These follicles contain eggs, which cannot be released, thus hindering ovulation. PCOS symptoms can occur as early as the onset of the menstrual cycle, though some women also experience it during later years. PCOS is also believed to be one of the primary reasons on infertility in women. Herein we explain some of the most common symptoms of polycystic ovary disease.

What Are The Symptoms Of Polycystic Ovary Disease?

Menstrual Disorders

Menstrual Cramps

This is one of the most common symptoms of PCOS. These include longer duration of the cycle , having less than nine menstrual cycles in a year (with over 35 days in between cycles) or, in some cases, very heavy bleeding.

Fertility Problems

A number of women who suffer from PCOS often have difficulty conceiving. This is believed to be caused by anovulation or not ovulating a mature egg every month. This sometimes becomes difficult to diagnose as someone with PCOS could continue to have regular periods without ovulating too.


weight gain

People with polycystic ovaries are extremely prone to weight gain. The weight gain is more prominent around the abdomen and upper body.


In some women, extreme PCOS leads to developing male-like features – such as increase in body hair on chest, stomach, back, face and around the breasts. Some women also experience thinning of the hair or male-pattern baldness. This is caused primarily by the sudden increase in androgen levels, which are present in small quantities in the female body.

Insulin Resistance

If PCOS goes undetected and untreated for a long time, it leads to the body’s inability to control glucose levels.

This is one of the main reasons why certain people with polycystic ovaries develop Type 2 diabetes. This in turn leads to a number of complications, such as problems with the eye and kidney.

Acanthosis Nigricans

Acanthosis Nigricans

Associated with PCOS, this is the appearance of dark and thick skin, particularly on the neck and thighs. It is believed to be one of the signs of insulin resistance.

Other Symptoms

There are several other symptoms attached to women suffering from polycystic ovaries. Increase in acne, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. Some women also experience sagging of the skin especially around the neck.

It is believed that polycystic ovaries is a genetic condition and women who suffer with this often have their mothers or sisters suffering from the same. It is important to remember that the symptoms of polycystic ovary disease are varied.

There are no uniform set of symptoms that affect all women. Except irregular menses, which affects all, someone with polycystic ovaries might or might not have other symptoms.

Primarily, if you experience heavy bleeding, no periods or very irregular cycles, consult your doctor immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment of this condition can also help prevent many long-term health issues.

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