Cancer is a disease characterized by out-of-control cell growth and harms the body when cells divide to form lumps called tumors. These tumors interfere with the circulatory systems that release hormones and alter the body functions.
Many things that increase the risk of cancer are lack of exercise, infections, obesity and radiations. Cancer is detectable in many ways such as rapid weight loss, excessively tiredness, changes in skin, fever and causes due to environmental disease, genetics, consumption of alcohol and tobacco and infections. There are many different types of cancers in women, below given are few types of cancers that occur in women.
Different Types Of Cancers In Women
Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer in women and more than 50,000 people get breast cancer in Britain each year. It is a type of cancer, which originates from the tissue of breast commonly found in milk ducts or lobules. Symptoms of this breast cancer include discharge from the nipple, dimpling, breast lump, redness over your breast, and inverted nipple.
Whenever you experience any of these symptoms make sure you see a doctor. Breast cancer is treatable by surgery, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy or immunotherapy. Family history, being female, increasing age, intake of alcohol, postmenopausal hormone therapy, which is to treat menopause, genes and obesity are all the major factors that are associated with increased risk of breast cancer.
Skin cancer is on the rise among women and develops on the areas of skin exposed skin that includes face, scalp, ears, lips, chest, arms and hands. According to skin cancer foundation, more than 2 million of women are diagnose with skin cancer each year.
Skin cancer affects people of all skin those with white or dark complexions and begins to develop in your skins top layer, the epidermis. The epidermis is a very thin layer that protects the cover of your skin cells that your body continually shed. This epidermis is of three type squamous cells, basal cells, malanocytes and is best to visit the doctor to get this cancer cured at the earliest.
Colon cancer is the second most common form of cancer among women and is a muscular tube shaped organ, which is about 4 feet long. It extends from your anus and turns through your belly.
The colon has three main functions to absorb nutrients from the food, to concentrate fecal material by absorbing fluid and to control evacuation of fecal material. Colon cancer if left un-treated spreads to distant organs such as lungs, liver, brains and bones.
Lung cancer is one of the leading cause of death among women in UK and kills more woman each year than breast cancer. Women are more susceptible to develop this cancer than men, even if male smokes twice more than female, still the risk of developing lung cancer is more in women that is because of a gene that speeds up lung cancer growth is more active in women.
Source : http://www.rayur.com/lung-cancer-causes-symptoms-and-treatment.html
Estrogen plays a key role in development of lung cancer among women and the symptoms of this cancer includes blood coughing, pneumonia, lung collapse, fatigue, shoulder pain and shortness of breath. Thankfully, it is a preventable disease provided you quit smoking and follow a rich balanced diet.
Ovarian cancer is often called as a “silent killer” because there are very few symptoms that occur in day to day life such as abdominal pain, bloating, urinary symptoms and abnormal bleeding. Early detection of ovarian cancer offers 90 % cure rate and this cancer is often detectable during a woman’s gynecological examinations.
Your physician will palpitate, your ovaries and if any abnormalities are noticeable, a further testing will be done that includes chest X-ray and an ultrasound. The treatment and prognosis for ovarian cancer depends upon on the stages of the disease, age and health as well.
Vagina is a tube that extends from womb to the folds of the skin between a woman’s leg and allows menstruation to pass out from the body and is a passage through which babies are born. Being age, exposed to drug DES, HPV infection and family history are the main factors increasing risk of vaginal cancer.
Symptoms of this cancer include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain during intercourse, lump in the vagina and pain in the pelvic area. You must see a doctor as soon as possible if you experience any of these symptoms.
You can prevent cancer by protecting yourself from sun exposure, exercising regularly, following a healthy diet and cutting back on tobacco and alcohol, which is the root cause of all cancers.
Photo Credit : http://www.health24.com/Graphics/Graphics_Cancer/3561-3677,37370.asp