Mastalgia or breast pain is a complaint that is common among women. Before looking for ways to get relief from the pain, it is important to make sure that the causes of mastalgia are understood.
With the knowledge of why the pain occurs, it becomes easier to find a suitable solution to get relief. Some breast pain is caused by cyclic reasons, meaning that hormonal imbalances during menstrual cycle or menopause cause pain. Non-cyclic reasons include injury and the pain is limited to a specific area in the breast. Here is a brief look at the 5 most common causes of mastalgia.
Causes Of Breast Pain In One Breast
Women are effected by hormonal changes in more than one ways and this is one of the most common causes of breast pain. Menstruation and pregnancy can cause hormonal imbalances in the body, causing breast pain. Women experience tenderness, soreness and pain during this time. During menopause, the estrogen levels in the body decreases and the hormones fluctuate which leads to pain in the breasts.
It is well-known that one of the side-effects of taking birth control medication is soreness and pain in the breasts.
Apart from contraceptive pills, hormone replacement medications also cause breast pain. This is due to the hormones that are present in them. Apart from these, anti-depressants and other psychiatric medications can increase tenderness in the breasts.
Breast cysts are the sacs in the breast that are filled with fluids. They are round or oval-shaped lumps that feel like a balloon that is filled with water or even a grape. With women who are going through menopause, they are quite common. It is important to remember that the breast pain that is caused by breast cysts subsides following menopause.
It may seem unlikely but caffeine is a known cause of breast pain. Beverages like tea, coffee, sodas and foods like chocolate contain caffeine and this causes the blood vessels in the body to dilate which in turn causes pain and tenderness.
Cutting down on this substance can prevent and provide relief from breast pain. Women should opt for decaf coffee instead of regular and cut down on all food and beverages that contain caffeine.
Inflammation in the Ribs
Inflammation in the ribs that extend to the sternum is known as costochondritis. This is a non-cyclic cause of breast pain. It does not have a connection to changes in hormones but this condition does occur as a woman gets older. Aging and the posture in which a woman holds her body are the reasons that pain in the breast occurs.
There can be a number of other causes of breast pain. The ones mentioned above are the most common ones. It is important to consult a doctor before taking any medication or treatment option to get relief from pain. Women who are looking for relief need to make sure that the medication does not have any adverse effect on their bodies especially if they are taking other medicines at the same time.
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