The word acne comes from the word ‘acme’ that means the “highest point”. Acne is a basic disorder of the pilosebacious unit that involves oil glands of the skin. Acne affects more than 85 % of teens and strikes both sexes equally. All teens suffer from some type of acne during puberty. It appears due to excessive production of sebum present in the skin. The increased activity in sebum results in blackheads, papules, whiteheads, pimples or cyst.
According to the dermatologist, this is most common in United States. All men and women are self-conscious especially when confronted about ‘clear skin’. People who have acne can have depression and low self esteem. When you start facing the below given symptoms consult your dermatologist in a short span.
Signs of Acne
Cyst is the severe form of acne that is painful, vulgaris and feels like fluid filled lumps under the skin. These boil infections are likely to cause scars. Deep breakout develops on the face or other areas of the body.
The blemishes increases up to several centimeters across and causes excess dead skin cells, acne causing bacteria or increased activity of oil grand. Cyst is a kind of skin infection clogging of sebacious glands.
Cyst is most likely to occur during pregnancy, polycystic, menstrual cycle or menopause. You can minimize your cyst by using water-soluble cleanser, applying benzoyl peroxide cream regularly that helps to kill bacteria in the pores and following your skin religiously.
Papules are red bumps that may feel sore or tender. Papule acne is a form of acne infection that has caused by bacteria and results in number of skin lesions including papules, whiteheads and blackheads.
Papule acne does not contain pus but appears to be hard, red or pink due to inflammation. Squeezing papule can lead to skin damage, instead apply warm compress that will help to soothe the inflammation. Papule is less than 5mm in size and can often be mistaken for eczema.
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Nodules are severe lesions that are solid, large, painful lumps beneath the surface of the skin. Nodule acne appears when pores are clogged with dead cells within the hair follicle. They affect the deep layers of skin and can cause scarring. Benzoyl peroxide when combined with other acne treating products is one of the best acne treatment solutions that prevent nodule acne.
This is not enough, you need to consult a dermatologist who can suggest injections of corticosteroids, when corticosteroid are injected into nodule acne the swelling will reduce and the nodule will heal quickly without leaving back scars. These nodules can stay back for many months if you squeeze or pick them.
Comedones consist of whiteheads and blackheads that are created when hair follicles become blocked and clogged with oil secretions and sometimes bacteria. Comedone is a form of non-inflammatory acne that feels bumpy or sandpapery texture. When comedones are open they are called blackheads, when they are closed they are called whiteheads.
Comedone works best with salicylic acid or Retinoids. The best skin care for comedone is a cleansing with mild soap or facial to remove the excess oily substance produced by glands in your skin. A dermatologist can diagnose acne by having a look at your skin. Treat your acne on time and boost your confidence.